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« : 13, 2011, 05:00:00 pm »


    Kawagoe,




: David Suzuki

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http://www.davidsuzuki.org/issues/climate-change/science/energy/natural-gas/




Citizens For Clean Air (C4CA)   900MW

   
1.   ( 2,5) .

( 2,5), (3), (NO2), (SO2) (CO). [ 1].   . (2,5) 2,5 microns . 2,5 (. )    , , . [ 2]

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, 1 g/m3 2,5 ,    1% [ 6].  Oakville 2,5 ,   80 Oakville   2,5 [ 7].





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, 2,5. 2009,  [ 11] 2,5. : 24  25 g/m3.  8 g/m3,    6 g/m3.

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4.   (NOx)

(NOx) (NO) (NO2).     . . . 2 -     [ 13]. [ 14].

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Oakville .     , , .   Clarkson, 900 MW   2,5, , , CO, , SO2 .    . .




1. (. PDF)



:   a   2,5 10 g/m3 2005, a    2,5





2008/50/


2001/81/ ( ) - ' . 29459/2005 - 992 ´/14-7-2005



2001/80/ ( ) - ' . 29457/2005 - 992 ´/14-7-2005



2002/3/ ( ) - ' . 38638/2005- 1334 ´/21-9-2005


World Health Organisation Air quality guidelines for particulate matter, ozone, nitrogen dioxide and sulfur dioxide

World Health Organisation Air quality and health  Fact sheet N313 Updated September 2011

"Protecting Health: Air Quality and Land use compatibility", by Dr. B. Nosal, Feb 2009,




1  Canadian Medical Association, No Breathing Room Nation Illness Cost of Air Pollution, ICAP Model Version 3.0,Technical Report. August 2008 Pg 85
http://www.cma.ca/multimedia/CMA/Content_Images/Inside_cma/Office_Public_Health/ICAP/CMAICAPTec_e-29aug.pdf

2 Ontario Ministry of the Environment, Fine Particulate Matter
http://www.airqualityontario.com/science/pollutants/particulates.php

3 United States Environmental Protection Agency, Integrated Science Assessment for Particulate Matter, Final Report, December 2009. Chapter 2 Pg. 2-10
http://cfpub.epa.gov/ncea/cfm/recordisplay.cfm?deid=216546#Download

4 Schwartz, J., Coull, B., Laden, F. and Ryan, L. The Effect of Dose and Timing of Dose on the Association between Airborne Particles and Survival : Environmental Health Perspectives, 2008;116(1):64-69
http://ehp03.niehs.nih.gov/article/fetchArticle.action?articleURI=info%3Adoi%2F10.1289%2Fehp.9955

5 Pope, C., Burnett, R., Thurston, G. et al. Cardiovascular Mortality and Long-Term Exposure to Particulate Air Pollution Epidemiological Evidence of General Pathophysiological Pathways of Disease. Circulation. 2004; 109:71-77
http://circ.ahajournals.org/content/109/1/71.full.pdf+html

6 California Environmental Protection Agency Air Resources Board, Methodology for Estimating Premature Deaths Associated with Long-term Exposure to Fine Airborne Particulate Matter in California, Staff Report, October 24, 2008. Pg. 34 www.arb.ca.gov/research/health/pm-mort/pm-mortdraft.pdf

7 Town of Oakville -Health Protection Air Quality By-law, Business Information Meeting, January 19, 2010 
http://www.oakvillechamber.com/event_view.aspx?view=1&event_id=273&date=2010/01/19

8 Fine PM, Sioutas C, Solomon PA. Secondary Particulate Matter in the United States; J Air Waste Management Association. 2008: Feb;58(2)234-53
http://www.redorbit.com/news/science/1248315

9 World Health Organization. Health Aspects of Air Pollution. Results from the WHO Project Systematic Review of Health Aspects of Air Pollution in Europe. June 2004
http://www.areco.org/Health%20aspects%20of%20air%20pollution%20WHO%20.pdf

10 David Suzuki Foundation, The Air We Breathe An International Comparison of Air Quality Standards and Guidelines, 2006 http://www.davidsuzuki.org/publications/downloads/2006/DSF-HEHC-Air-Web2r.pdf

11 British Columbia Ministry of Healthy Living and Sports, BC Air Quality Objectives http://www.bcairquality.ca/

12 Canadian Council of Ministers of the Environment Canada-wide standards for particulate matter (pm) and ozone. p. 4. Endorsed by CCME Council of Ministers, June 5-6, 2000, Quebec City

13 Ontario Ministry of the Environment Nitrogen Dioxide
http://www.airqualityontario.com/science/pollutants/nitrogen.php

14 Ontario Ministry of the Environment, Summary of Standards and Guidelines to Support Ontario Regulation 419: Air Pollution - Local Air Quality, 2008

15 United States Environmental Protection Agency, Integrated Science Assessment for Oxides of Nitrogen-Health Criteria, July 2008. Table 5.3-1 EPA/600JR-08/071  194645
http://cfpub.epa.gov/ncea/cfm/recordisplay.cfm?deid=194645

16 California Environmental Protection Agency; Air Resources Board, Review of the California Ambient Air Quality Standard For Nitrogen Dioxide January 5, 2007
 https://docs.google.com/viewer?url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.arb.ca.gov%2Fresearch%2Faaqs%2Fno2-rs%2Fno2tech.pdf

17 Samoli, E. et al. (2006) Short-term effects of nitrogen dioxide on mortality: an analysis within the APHEA project. Eur Respir J 27:11291137 http://erj.ersjournals.com/content/27/6/1129.abstract

18 Ontario Ministry of the Environment http://www.airqualityontario.com/science/pollutants/ozone.php

19 Jerrett, M., Burnett, R., Pope, C., et a. Long Term Ozone Exposure and Mortality, NEJM, 2009:360;11:1085-1095 http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMoa0803894

20 Ontario Ministry of Energy, Cost Benefit Analysis: Replacing Ontarios Coal-Fired Electricity Generation, April 2005, p. 16
www.mei.gov.on.ca/en/pdf/coal_cost_benefit_analysis_april2005.pdf

21 Ontario Ministry of the Environment, Air Quality in Ontario 2007 Report, p. 25-27
http://www.ene.gov.on.ca/stdprodconsume/groups/lr/@ene/@resources/documents/resource/std01_079175.pdf

22 World Health Organization, Air Quality and Health Factsheet No. 313
http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs313/en/index.html

23 Ontario Ministry of the Environment Carbon Monoxide
http://www.airqualityontario.com/science/pollutants/carbon.php

24 Bell, M., Peng, R., Dominici, F. Emergency Hospital Admissions for Cardiovascular Diseases and Ambient Levels of Carbon Monoxide: Results for 126 United States Urban Counties, 1999-2005. Circulation 2009:120;949-955
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19720933


25 Environment Canada, Volatile Organic Compounds
http://www.ec.gc.ca/cov-voc/default.asp?lang=En&n=59828567-1

26 Committee on the Environment and Natural Resources Air Quality Research Subcommittee. Atmospheric Ammonia Sources and Fate. A Review of Ongoing Federal Research and Future Needs. June 2000. Pg. 7
www.esrl.noaa.gov/csd/aqrs/reports/ammonia.pdf


http://www.c4ca.org/13-health-fact-sheet-2.html
http://www.c4ca.org/downloads/issues/health/13-health-fact-sheet-2/download.html





900 MW Oakville


1. ,  

"... , , , ." [ 1]  ,   David Suzuki " ...   Walkerton . "[  1]

2.   Halton Peel   . (OMA), , 2005 :

190 540 to Halton
370 1.240 to Peel
$ 56.82M Halton Peel,
$ 45.82M Halton Peel. [ 2]

3. Halton Peel . (OMA),, 2008 :

-336 Halton

-700 Peel

2005. [ 3]

4. , (), , , . [ 4] 10 2,5. 10 ޻ 2,5 10   , 2,5   . , 2,5. [ 5]

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10.    Clarkson   .   2006       2,5 30 g/m3 (2003-2005) . [ 14] ,     900 MW   Oakville-Clarkson .

11.   Oakville-Clarkson . Whitford , . [ 15] ,     ,   . 16 2,5 , , , . [1 3]


1 David Suzuki Foundation, The Air We Breathe - An International Comparison of Air Quality Standards and Guidelines, 2006. http://www.davidsuzuki.org/files/SWAG/DSF-HEHC-Air-Web2r.pdf [Accessed Nov 22, 2009]

2 Ontario Medical Association, Illness Cost of Air Pollution (ICAP), 2005 http://www.oma.org/phealthIICAP2005regional.pdf [Accessed Nov 10, 2009].

3 http://www.oma.org/media/news/prOB0606b.asp [Accessed Nov 10, 2009]

4 Canadian Medical Association, No Breathing Room - National Illness Costs of Air Pollution (NICAP) Summary Report, August 200B, http ://www.cma.ca/multimedia/cma/content_Images/inside_cma/Office_Public_Health/ICAP/CMA_ICAP_sum_e.pdf [Accessed Nov 10, 2009]

5 United States Environmental Protection Agency - Particulate Matter http://www.epa.gov/oar/particlepollution/ [Accessed Nov 10, 2009]

6 Ontario Medical Association, Smogwise Information Program Backgrounder http://www.oma.org/phealth/Smogwise.htm [Accessed Nov 22, 2009]

7 Environment Canada. Air Quality Health Index: Are you at risk? Webpage. http://www.ec.gc.ca/casaghi/default.asp?lang=En&n=B727DF6F-1 [Accessed Nov 22, 2009]

8 United States Environmental Protection Agency. Highlights of the Child-Specific Exposure Factors Handbook (Final Report). U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, D.C. EPA/600/R-OB/135, 2009. http://cfpub.epa.gov/ncea/cfm/recordisplay.cfm?deid=200445 [Accessed Nov 10, 2009]

9 Gauderman W, Avol E, Gilliland F. et al. The Effect of Air Pollution on Lung Development from 10 to 1B Years of Age, NEJM 2004; 351:1057-1067. http://content.nejm.org/cgi/content/short/351/11/1057 [accessed Jan 7, 2010].

10 American Academy of Pediatrics, Committee on Environment Health, Policy Statement, Ambient Air Pollution: Health Hazards to 2004; 114; 1699-1707. http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/cgi/content/full/114/6/1699 [Accessed Jan 7, 2010].

11 Environment Canada - Clean Air Online http://www.ec.gc.ca/cleanair-airpur/PM2.5.10-WS2C6BB45C-1En.htm [Accessed Nov 22,2009]

12 Health Canada, Environmental and Workplace Health http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/ewh-semt/air/out-ext/effe/health_effectseffets_sante-eng.php [Accessed Nov 10, 2009]

13 World Health Organization, Health risks of particulate matter from long-range transboundary air pollution. European Centre for Environment and Health Bonn Office, Joint WHO / Convention Task Force on the Health Aspects of Air Pollution, 2006.

14 Ontario Ministry of Environment, Clarkson Airshed Study - A Scientific Approach to Improving Air Quality - Part II - The Ambient Air Monitoring Program, November 2006

15 Jacques-Whitford Report, Jan 2009. Air Quality Assessment - Technical Study Report - Ontario Power Authority, Local Effects of the Displacement of Coal with Gas-Fired Generation

16 Dr. Bob Nosal, Medical Officer of Health, Halton Region Health Department, March 11, 2009 response to Mr. Amir Shalaby, VP, Power System Planning, Ontario Power Authority.

http://www.c4ca.org/12-health-fact-sheet-1.html



: 2010











900MW 3 km, 1.160 MW 970



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